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Choosing Between a Psychologist and Counsellor - A Comprehensive Guide for Your Mental Health

By Mosh
Treat Mental Health
5 min read
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Key Takeaways

Confused about seeking mental health support? Learn the key differences between psychologists and counsellors, and discover which professional is right for your needs. Get expert guidance on making an informed decision for your mental wellbeing.

Should I See a Psychologist or Counsellor?

If you're in Australia and wondering, "Should I see a psychologist or counsellor?", you're not alone. Many Australians grapple with this question when seeking mental health support. The choice between a psychologist and a counsellor can significantly impact your therapeutic journey.

This guide will help you navigate the Australian mental health landscape, exploring the unique roles of psychologists and counsellors, their qualifications, and when each might be most beneficial. By the end, you'll be better equipped to make an informed decision about which professional is right for your specific needs and circumstances.

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Understanding the Difference: Psychologist vs. Counsellor

Roles and Areas of Expertise
Psychologists are trained in the science of human behaviour, thoughts, and emotions. Registered psychologists often work with mental health problems or conditions such as depression, anxiety, and eating disorders. 

Counsellors, on the other hand, adopt a more person-centred approach, focusing on listening and discussing clients' goals rather than conducting comprehensive assessments. [1]

Comprehensive Mental Health Support

Mosh provides a range of therapy options, including mental health counsellors, registered psychologists, and clinical psychologists. This ensures that you can find the right level of support for your specific needs.

Educational Requirements and Qualifications
In Australia, psychologists must be registered with the Psychology Board of Australia and listed with AHPRA, requiring a minimum of six years of university study and supervised experience. [2]

Counselling is self-regulated, with organisations like the ACA requiring counsellors to complete an accredited course of study.

Australian Registered Practitioners

Mosh only works with Australian registered practitioners who are individually vetted and qualified. This ensures that you receive high-quality care from mental health services professionals who understand the Australian health care system.

Therapeutic Approaches and Techniques
Psychologists use evidence-based treatments like cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and psychological testing.

Counsellors focus on practical skills such as empathy, positive regard, and fundamental listening skills essential for effective counselling.

When to Choose a Psychologist or Counsellor

Types of Issues Best Suited for Each Professional

Consider seeing a psychologist for severe or chronic emotional and psychological problems, formal diagnoses, and evidence-based treatments.

A counsellor might be the right choice for specific issues like stress, grief, or relationship problems, and for those seeking a supportive environment for discussion.

Severity of Mental Health Concerns

Psychologists are well-equipped to handle serious mental health conditions, [3] while counsellors are effective for short-term issues and practical problem-solving. [4]

Treatment Goals and Preferences

Reflect on your goals for seeking therapy. Do you prefer a structured, evidence-based approach or a more flexible, talk-therapy style?

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Practical Considerations when choosing Counsellor or Psychologist

Cost and Insurance Coverage

Psychologists often charge higher fees than counsellors, but their services may be eligible for Medicare rebates under a Mental Health Treatment Plan. Counsellors' services are generally not covered by Medicare.

Mosh offers competitive pricing for their mental heath support services, with counselling sessions starting at $65 for a registered mental health counsellor. Additionally, sessions with clinical or registered psychologists may attract a Medicare rebate, making mental health care more affordable.


Accessibility and availability

Your location and schedule can also influence your decision, as finding a psychologist or a counsellor who fits your lifestyle can be just as important as their qualifications and approach. Consider whether you need morning, evening, or weekend sessions, and whether you prefer online or in-person therapy. Some professionals may offer flexible scheduling, while others might have limited availability. 

Think about the location of the psychologist or counsellor's office. Is it close to your home, work, or public transportation? Are you comfortable with the surroundings and accessibility of the office? You might prefer a professional with an office near your home if you have mobility issues or rely on public transportation.

For those seeking maximum convenience and flexibility, Mosh offers online therapy services that allow you to connect with qualified mental health professionals from the comfort of your own home.

Lastly, consider the wait time for an appointment. If you're experiencing a severe mental health crisis, you might need immediate support. Look for professionals with short wait times or those who offer emergency sessions.

Making Your Decision

Self-Assessment Questions

Ask yourself: What are your specific needs and concerns? How important is a strong educational background in your therapist? Do you prefer a structured or flexible approach?

Convenience and Flexibility

Mosh offers fully private, online consultations, allowing you to connect with a qualified counsellor or psychologist from the comfort of your own home. This eliminates the need for travel and makes it easier to fit therapy into your schedule.


Personalised Treatment Plans

Through Mosh, you can take an mental health quiz online to receive a personalised treatment plan recommendation. This tailored approach helps ensure that you get the most effective care for your mental health concerns.


Confidential and Secure

All consultations on the Mosh platform are completely confidential, with patient notes encrypted and data storage audited by independent bodies to maintain safety. This ensures your privacy and security throughout your mental health journey.

Easy Booking and Flexible Scheduling

Moshs platform allows for easy booking of appointments, and you can choose from a wide range of therapists to find the best match for your needs. The platform also supports flexible scheduling, including options for morning, evening, and weekend sessions.

Medication Management

If needed, Mosh medical professionals can prescribe medications, which can be delivered to your doorstep. This integrated approach to mental health care ensures that all aspects of your treatment are managed efficiently.

Options for Trying Both or Switching if Needed

Assess whether you feel a genuine connection with the professional. Don't hesitate to ask questions during your initial consultation about their approach and experience. 

Choosing between a psychologist and a counsellor depends on your individual needs, the nature of your concerns, and your personal preferences. Both professionals play crucial roles in mental health care, offering different strengths and approaches.

Remember that you're not locked into one choice. You can try both or switch if needed to find the best fit for your mental health journey.

By considering the factors outlined in this guide, you can make an informed decision about which professional is right for you.

Seeking help is a positive step towards better mental health, regardless of which professional you choose.


Q: What is the difference between a psychologist and a counsellor?

A: Psychologists typically have more extensive training in clinical psychology and are able to diagnose and treat a wider range of mental health issues compared to counsellors. Counsellors usually provide talk therapy and support for individuals dealing with milder mental health concerns.

Q: Should I see a psychiatrist or a psychologist for my mental health needs?

A: If you believe you may benefit from medication to manage your mental health issues, seeing a psychiatrist would be more appropriate. However, if you prefer therapy without medication, a psychologist or counsellor may be suitable.

Q: What qualifications should I look for when finding a therapist?

A: When seeking a therapist, look for qualifications such as a master's degree in psychology, accreditation from relevant professional bodies, and experience in providing therapy for your specific mental health concerns.

Q: What are the benefits of seeing a therapist in a private practice?

A: Seeing a therapist in a private practice often provides more personalised attention, flexibility in scheduling, and a higher level of privacy compared to community mental health services.

Q: How can I determine if a counsellor or psychologist is the right fit for me?

A: Consider factors such as the therapist's approach, specialisation, experience with your specific issues, and your level of comfort and rapport during the initial sessions to determine if they are the right fit for you. Take the free mental quiz at Mosh to find the best treatment for you.

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